The “real presence” of Christ in the Supper has been a long discussion in the Church. The early Church would affirm that Christ was present in the Eucharist but later would debate specifically what they would mean and more importantly how that was possible. In the 9th century (844) Paschasius Radbertus wrote a treaty for … Continue reading How is Christ “present” in the Lord’s Supper?
During the Reformation, among many discussion was the essence and efficacy of the sacraments. Calvin's polemics against this would focus on the necessity of repeated infusion of grace - ex opere operato - in all sacraments. Calvin writing against confirmation: Have not we then been buried in baptism with Christ, made partakers in his death, that we … Continue reading The Council of Miletus, Baptism, and Confirmation