Are the Westminster Standards Contrary to the Reformers?

In the book, Scripture and Worship, Muller and Ward analyze some of the exegetical background of the confession and debates surrounding the writing of the Directory of Public Worship. They also argue against suggestions that the confessions and catechisms were a rejection or distortion from the original thought of the Reformers. How can this be … Continue reading Are the Westminster Standards Contrary to the Reformers?

Reformer of Basel: Johannes Oecolampadius

In the discussion of Reformed liturgies and worship there are many men that will enter the discussion. One of those that is of significance that may go overlooked is Johannes Oecolampadius (1482-1531). In another sense, his significance is also that he is arguably regarded as the spiritual father of Calvin and the entire Reformed Church. … Continue reading Reformer of Basel: Johannes Oecolampadius

Schaff: The Veneration of Saints began as a Remembrance of Martyrs

In the first three centuries the veneration of the martyrs in general restricted itself to the thankful remembrance of their virtues and the celebration of the day of their death as the day of their heavenly birth. This celebration usually took place at their graves. So the church of Smyrna annually commemorated its bishop Polycarp, … Continue reading Schaff: The Veneration of Saints began as a Remembrance of Martyrs

The Sermon in the Medieval Church

This quote from Schaff's History of the Church is telling. "The great majority of priests were too ignorant to prepare a sermon, and barely understood the Latin liturgical forms. A Synod of Aix, 802, prescribed that they should learn the Athanasian and Apostles’ Creed, the Lord’s Prayer with exposition, the Sacramentarium or canon of the … Continue reading The Sermon in the Medieval Church

The Fathers Aren’t What They May Seem

Who were the Fathers? I was listening to a discussion on Jason Stellman (the apostate PCA minister). One of the issues he mentions in his conversation is that after he had been researching different Protestant doctrines and challenged on them, he was then "ambushed" by the Fathers. I pictured the scene from the movie Braveheart where … Continue reading The Fathers Aren’t What They May Seem

Where Calvin Differs With the Fathers

Wherefore, let no one be perplexed because ancient writers labor to distinguish the one from the other. Their views ought not to be in such esteem with us as to shake the certainty of Scripture. For who would listen to Chrysostom denying that remission of sins was included in the baptism of John (Hom. in … Continue reading Where Calvin Differs With the Fathers